If you’re considering buying a ukulele for the first time then this is the page for you. From sizes to strings, hopefully I can help you to avoid the mistakes that I made when I bought my first ukulele.
There are 4 main sizes of ukulele and each has its own characteristics. Smallest to largest we have soprano, concert, tenor and baritone.
The soprano ukulele is the one most people picture when the word ukulele is mentioned. Typically it has the smallest body and the shortest fretboard. Due to it’s size it’s very portable. There’s a fairly common misconception that the smaller the ukulele the more difficult it is to play and this is often levelled wrongly at the soprano. Sopranos usually have between 12 and 15 frets (I’m a fan of 15 fret sopranos personally).
Concert size ukuleles are a little bigger than sopranos. Typically they have between 15 and 20 frets and as a result of the longer scale length the tension on the strings is more than the soprano (meaning they require a little bit more pressure on the strings). The larger body gives a fuller sound than the soprano, although the strings are tuned the same.
The tenor ukulele is larger in both scale length and body size than the concert. Typically it has 15+ frets and is tuned to gCEA just like the soprano and the concert. Due to it’s larger body size you will typically get a fuller sound from a Tenor.
The baritone ukulele isn’t tuned to GCEA like the other sizes/scales. Instead it is tuned to DGBE which is the same as the top 4 strings on a guitar. Due to it’s larger body, size and tuning it has a very different sound to sopranos, concerts and tenors. If you’re a guitar player it would be a very smooth transition to a baritone.
It’s definitely worth trying out a few different sizes before you make your purchase. Most players find a size that they really like and feel much more comfortable holding and playing (personally I’m a soprano man).
Laminate, solid wood or a plastic ukulele
Ukuleles bodies tend to be either solid wood, laminate or plastic. Typically a solid wood ukulele is more expensive than a laminate or plastic ukulele but that doesn’t necessarily mean it’s a better choice. Laminate and plastic ukuleles start at around £20 ($30) and can rise into the hundreds. Solid ukuleles start at around £90 ($135) and can rise into the thousands.
Although laminate and plastic ukuleles are typically cheaper than solid wood ukuleles there are some great examples of both and you shouldn’t write them off on construction material alone.
There are more and more plastic ukuleles appearing now. Plastic ukuleles tend to trade on the fact that you can take them camping, to the beach or anywhere else you might feel. They offer a different sound – the plastic ukuleles I’ve played tend to boom a little bit while at same time sounding a little plasticky (if that makes sense). You’re making a certain compromise on the sound for durability here.
There are hundreds of ukulele brands and it can be confusing to know where to begin. Ultimately you should always aim to play any ukulele before you buy it but that isn’t always realistic (shops with a good selection of ukuleles are few and far between). If you can’t try before you buy then look for recommendations from someone you trust. I have in the past or currently own ukes by Kala, Lanikai and Ohana. All make fairly decent starter ukuleles and have established good reputations.
How could I get this far without talking about budget? It’s probably the most important factor when it comes to buying a new ukulele.
Don’t buy the cheapest ukulele that you find. You’ll end up buying twice (or just quitting playing).
The absolute worst thing you can do is buy the cheapest ukulele that you can find, you’ll end up finding it difficult to play and ultimately not enjoying playing it. Get a budget in mind, whatever you’re comfortable spending and find the best ukulele available within that budget.
Strings have a huge impact on the sound of a ukulele and this is never more noticeable than at the cheaper end of the market. Typically cheap ukuleles come with cheap strings and they can sound very bad. There are loads of options when it comes to strings and really the only thing to do is try some. If you Google around you’ll find all manner of players with different opinions on string brands – some people even using fishing wire. Personally I like Aquila, but there are plenty of other options too. Make sure you buy the right strings for the size/scale of ukulele that you own!
- Do your homework before you buy. Try a friend’s ukulele, read reviews and go in with a little knowledge.
- Spend as much as you can afford to. Don’t just buy the cheapest ukulele you can find, you’ll end up frustrated or just giving up.
- Try each different size/scale of ukulele to see which works best for you
- If you’re going to a shop, take someone with you who has played ukulele before.
- Buy some decent strings and a clip-on tuner too.
Hopefully this guide will give you a little bit more knowledge so you feel more comfortable buying your first ukulele. Take a look at my ukulele reviews too and my recommended ukuleles for beginners to help make your decision!